Press release from the United Kingdom Intellectual Property Office (www.gov.uk)
Female inventorship is on the rise worldwide according to the UK IPO revealed on November 14, 2016. In Britain, the proportion of female inventors is 7.3%. In the United States of America there are 8.7% female inventors, as compared to 91.3% male inventors.
Since 2000, there has been a 60% increase in the proportion of female inventors worldwide. However, only 11.5% of all inventors worldwide are female. Russia (15.7%) and France (11.7%) have the highest proportion of female inventors while countries such as Germany (5.5%) and (Japan 3.6%) have some of the lowest.
UK will award funding to 15 female inventors as part of Innovate UK's Women in Invention award during their Global Entrepreneurship Week. The government realizes there is more to do to help budding female inventors realize their potential.
Beulah Henry was nicknamed "Lady Edison" because she is credited with over 100 inventions that made daily life easier. In 1912, her first invention was a vacuum-sealed ice cream freezer (Patent #1,037,762.) Henry was such a prolific inventor that she was granted 49 United States Patent and Trademark Office patents.
An interesting invention of hers was an umbrella with an interchangeable snap-on covers. These coordinated with the user's outfit. Wouldn't you love to have one of these!
The Lea & Perrins Worcestershire Sauce has been around for over 150 years. A pharmacist named John Wheeley Lea worked in the English market town of Worcester. William Perrins ran a pharmacy in the nearby town of Evesham. On January 1, 1823 they organized their business in Worcestershire and called it Lee & Perrins.
It is said the recipe is from a nobleman in the county, namely Lord Sandys, a native of Worcester. He was an ex-governor of the Indian state of Bengal. Lord Sandys was a connoisseur of exotic eastern sauces and spices. Thus, he used tamarind, garlic, eschalots, onions, and molasses in his original recipe which turned out to be horrible. However, Lea and Perrins improved it and the recipe used today is very popular. Their final recipe has never changed and is a trade secret. The shape and wrapping of its bottle has not changed in many years.
Did you know that in 1863 ear muffs were invented by a fifteen-year-old? Enough cold walks gave Chester Greenwood the idea to create ear muffs so his ears could stay warm when he was outside. For the past 39 years in the state of Maine, the first day of winter is known as Chester Greenwood Day. His home town of Farmington holds an annual "Earmuff Parade" in his honor.
By the time World War 1 broke out, Chester owned a factory that produced 400,000 pairs of earmuffs per year. He sent thousands to overseas troops. Chester was a prolific inventor and invented almost 100 home and industrial devices.
Friday’s Famous Inventor – Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931)
Thomas Alva Edison was a very prolific inventor with over 1,000 inventions. He was born in Milan, Ohio, and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. His first invention was an electric vote-recording machine. It was patented in 1869 and used in legislative chambers. However, politicians did not want to speed up the voting process and thus, it did not do so well. Thus, Edison decided to create more useful inventions more people would want to use.
He is famous for inventing the phonograph, or record player. Edison, with the help of his assistant William Dickson, can be credited with inventing the motion picture camera and a viewer which he called the kinetoscope. He developed a new storage battery that, although unsuitable for cars, worked well for railroad and shipping applications. Edison is perhaps most famous for inventing the incandescent light bulb.
Edison was friends with Nikola Tesla. He would spend time camping with his friends Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, and John Burroughs.
Edison is known to have said after his first 8,000 experiments failed, "Well, at least we know 8,000 things that don't work."
The Importance of Intellectual Property to the U.S. Economy
According to the United States Department of Commerce in a recently released report, intellectual property intensive industries support at least 45 million U.S. jobs. This is about 30 percent of all the jobs in the country. These jobs contribute over $6 trillion to the U.S. GDP, or 38.2 percent of it.
It is great news to know that over the past five years, intellectual property has supported close to 30 million jobs. This represents almost a one percent increase in the number of jobs since 2010.
Economic factors within the U.S. drive the intellectual property activity. They in turn will drive businesses. The United States Patent and Trademark Office is part of the United States Department of Commerce. Check out their web site at http://www.uspto.gov to learn more about patent and trademark searching.
What goes into the trademark of Encyclopedia Britannica? A flower known as a thistle. It is the Scottish national emblem. Why was it used in this trademark? Because this encyclopedia was the result of a product developed by three Scots, Colin Macfarquhar, Andrew Bell, and William Smellie.